Brahma Muhurta: Significance & Times Of This Auspicious Period

reviewed by Liz Burns 500H RYT

“Brahma Muhurta means the time of the creator. You can look at it this way: it is the time when you can create yourself. You become the Brahman in the morning, so you can make yourself the way you want yourself to be.”

– Sadhguru, Isha Foundation

Have you ever experienced the calm stillness of the early morning hours just before dawn? You’re not alone – the auspicious and profound tranquility of these early hours has long been recognized and revered for its sacred significance, known as “Brahma Muhurta.”

Steeped in ancient wisdom, this time, roughly one and a half hours before sunrise, holds profound significance for spiritual seekers. Rooted in Hinduism, yoga, and Ayurveda, Brahma Muhurta time is believed to offer unique benefits for mind, body, and spirit.

In this article, we’ll be delving into the mystique of this sacred hour, exploring its cross-cultural significance, ancient allure, and modern scientific explanations. In particular, we’ll be looking at:

  • What is Brahma Muhurta?
  • History & Origins
  • Rituals and Practices
  • Scientific Perspectives
  • Brahma Muhurta Timings

What is Brahma Muhurta?

Brahma Muhurta time, also known as the “Creator’s Hour,” is a period lasting 48 minutes that starts one hour and 36 minutes prior to sunrise and ends 48 minutes before sunrise.

It’s believed to be auspicious for spiritual practices and activities in Hinduism, Ayurveda, and Yogic Philosophy.

Muhurta” is a Sanskrit term denoting a division of time – 1/30 of a day, or a period of 48 minutes. There are 15 Muhurtas in the day and 15 in the night, with Brahma Muhurta being the 14th (or second to last) 48-minute period of the night.

The term “Brahma” in Brahma Muhurta refers to Lord Brahma – a Hindu God, revered as the creator of the universe. Embodying the ultimate source of cosmic intelligence and creative energy, Brahma is believed to bring forth life and creation.

Brahma Muhurta is a period of the morning when the universe is believed to be undergoing renewing and recreation – hence being named after Brahma.

The subtle energies and prana supporting new beginnings and creation are most potent at this time, and it is thus believed that spiritual activities performed during Brahma Muhurta have a greater effect than in any other part of the day.

Indeed, practicing spiritual activities during Brahma Muhurta is thought to bring numerous benefits, including mental clarity, increased focus, peacefulness, balanced mood, divine insight, and much more.

ganesha murti with incense smoke

History & Origins

The exact origins of Brahma Muhurta are not clearly documented, however, there are references to the concept in ancient Indian scriptures, such as in the foundational texts of the Vedas and the Upanishads.

These sacred texts, dating back thousands of years, contain numerous references to the significance of the morning hours. For example:

  • Bhagavad Gita 2.69: “What all beings consider as day is the night of ignorance for the wise, and what all creatures see as night is the day for the introspective sage”.
  • Mundaka Upanishad 1.2.12: “In the early hours, when the world slumbers, the wise awaken to the timeless reality”
  • Rig Veda 7.75.8: “May the dawn grant us insight, and may we find the strength to pursue wisdom”

What to Do and Not To Do During Brahma Muhurta

To get the most out of Brahma Muhurta, there are certain activities that are encouraged and others that are advised against. These vary slightly between traditions, but here are some general guidelines on what to do and not to do during Brahma Muhurta:

Things To Do:

#1: Spiritual Practices

The predominant recommendation during Brahma Muhurta is to immerse yourself in spiritual activities like prayer, meditation, chanting, or yoga.

haldi kumkum and rice offerings

This is a period when the mind is particularly receptive to such practices, so it should be used as a unique opportunity for maximizing the benefits of your spiritual engagement.

#2: Self-Reflection

Use this quiet time for introspection and self-reflection. Consider journaling, sitting in contemplation, or setting positive intentions for the day ahead and reflecting on your spiritual goals.

#3: Scripture Study

If you follow a specific spiritual or religious tradition, consider reading or studying scriptures or related texts during this time. It can deepen your understanding of spiritual principles and provide great inspiration for the day ahead.

#4: Breathing Exercises (Pranayama)

During the early morning hours, the air is believed to be rich in prana, and practicing pranayama is believed to support the absorption of this energy from the atmosphere as well as promoting respiratory purification, improving lung health, and balancing mood.

#5: Express Gratitude

This is a personal favorite!

Take time in these early morning moments to express gratitude for anything and everything that comes to mind and for the day and the opportunities it brings.

woman breathing with her dog next to her

Things Not To Do:

#1: Eating and Drinking

It’s generally advised not to eat or drink during Brahma Muhurta as this can affect your prana balance at this time.

For this reason, fasting until Brahma Muhurta ends is believed to enhance the benefits of spiritual and well-being practices.

#2: Admin Activities

Avoid engaging in mundane or admin activities, such as checking emails, watching TV, or engaging in intense physical work. These things are distractions, with this time best used to cultivate mental clarity, introspection, and spiritual pursuits.

#3: Negative Thoughts

Try to avoid negative thoughts or emotions during Brahma Muhurta. Use this time to cultivate positivity and a peaceful state of mind.

#4: Distractions

Minimize external distractions as these will negatively impact your ability to make the most of this special time. Try to spend this time alone, turning off any electronic devices to create a quiet, sacred space for yourself and your spiritual practices.

#5: Rushing

Allow yourself ample time during Brahma Muhurta. Rushing through spiritual practices defeats the purpose of this auspicious period, which is to foster presence, a calm, focused, and centered state of mind.

#6: Strenuous Exercise

Avoiding strenuous physical activities that raise the heart rate is encouraged to maintain a calm body and receptive state of mind.

The emphasis should be on directing energy inward for spiritual practices, so engaging in light exercises or yoga is okay as long as its purpose is to prepare the body and mind for meditation.

Scientific Perspectives

While the concept of Brahma muhurta is primarily rooted in ancient religious and cultural traditions, there are some modern scientific explanations that may be associated with the auspiciousness of this sacred early hour:

woman meditating before brahma muhurta time

Circadian Rhythms

Brahma Muhurta is thought to synchronize the body’s circadian rhythms, the internal biological clock that regulates various physiological processes, including hormone secretion, body temperature, and metabolic activity.

This alignment is significant because it corresponds with a particular phase in the circadian rhythm where the body is naturally preparing for activity, making us more receptive to meditation, yoga, reading, or other spiritual and self-development practices.

This alignment is also thought to promote alertness and mental clarity by minimizing sleep inertia, which is the grogginess or inertia experienced upon waking, making the transition from sleep to wakefulness smoother.

Saying this, circadian rhythms and timings can differ among individuals, making synchronization somewhat contingent on the person in question.

#2: Melatonin Levels

Often associated with promoting relaxation and a sense of calmness due to its primary role in regulating the sleep-wake cycle, melatonin is a hormone produced by the pineal gland in response to darkness.

woman opening her arms to the sun and lake

Melatonin levels typically deplete as environmental light becomes brighter, meaning the low-light conditions during Brahma Muhurta help to preserve our melatonin levels, contributing to a sense of tranquility and calmness.

This preservation is also thought to contribute to a smoother wake-up transition, enhance sleep quality, and create a conducive environment for spiritual and well-being practices.

For example, this auspicious ambiance is particularly beneficial for meditation, as the mind is less likely to be distracted by external stimuli. Similarly, the maintained melatonin levels support a more focused and centered experience during yoga.

#3: Less Environmental Disturbance

Now this one might seem a little obvious, but it’s an important point. As my fellow early risers will know, the early morning hours offer a unique calmness and quietness, with by lower levels of ambient noise, reduced air and light pollution, cooler temperatures, and more.

This combination creates a really serene and tranquil atmosphere, promoting improved focus, relaxation, and a softer mood.

This means that the absence of environmental disturbances during Brahma Muhurta can allow individuals to experience a sense of calmness, aiding in focused contemplation, meditation, or other spiritual practices.

Brahma Muhurta Timings

As mentioned, Brahma Muhurta is a period lasting 48 minutes that starts one hour and 36 minutes prior to sunrise and ends 48 minutes before sunrise, meaning that the time of sunrise determines the Brahma Muhurtham.

This means, for example, Brahma Muhurta time in USA would begin at 3:24 a.m. and ends at 4:12 a.m, if sunrise is at 5 a.m. If sunrise is at 7 a.m., Brahma Muhurta begins at 5:24 a.m. and ends at 6:12 a.m.

This means that the exact timings of Brahma Muhurta can vary based on the location, time of year, and local sunrise time.

Here’s a table with approximate timings for Brahma Muhurta by month, but for accurate timings always use the rule above.

MonthUTCEastern Time (ET)Central Time (CT)Mountain Time (MT)Pacific Time (PT)Indian Standard Time (IST)
January04:24 – 05:5923:24 – 00:5922:24 – 23:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5909:54 – 11:29
February04:24 – 05:5923:24 – 00:5922:24 – 23:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5909:54 – 11:29
March03:24 – 04:5923:24 – 00:5922:24 – 23:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5908:54 – 10:29
April02:24 – 03:5922:24 – 23:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5919:24 – 20:5907:54 – 09:29
May01:24 – 02:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5919:24 – 20:5918:24 – 19:5906:54 – 08:29
June01:24 – 02:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5919:24 – 20:5918:24 – 19:5906:54 – 08:29
July02:24 – 03:5922:24 – 23:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5919:24 – 20:5907:54 – 09:29
August03:24 – 04:5923:24 – 00:5922:24 – 23:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5908:54 – 10:29
September03:24 – 04:5923:24 – 00:5922:24 – 23:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5908:54 – 10:29
October02:24 – 03:5922:24 – 23:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5919:24 – 20:5907:54 – 09:29
November01:24 – 02:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5919:24 – 20:5918:24 – 19:5906:54 – 08:29
December01:24 – 02:5921:24 – 22:5920:24 – 21:5919:24 – 20:5918:24 – 19:5906:54 – 08:29

Further Reading

If you’ve enjoyed this article on Brahma Muhurta & checking the Brahma Muhurta time in USA, check out our related articles below:

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Tish Qvortrup is a Brighton-born Yogi, with a passion for living intentionally. A Yoga Alliance registered 500hr teacher, she found her calling in Yin and Yang yoga. In her spare time, she loves exploring the outdoors and cooking plant-based goodies.

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