The Vata Body Type: Weight, Height, Build, Skin Type & Much More

The Vata dosha is one of the three dosha types found in Ayurveda. Vata is known to be formed by the elements of space and air.

A body dominated by Vata, therefore, has the free activity of air and a wide spectrum of space.

Now, let’s examine the characteristics of a Vata body type. Knowing these details may help you understand your body if you are a Vata-dominant person. We will explore:

  • The Vata-dominant body strucutre
  • Vata dosha metabolic traits
  • Vata dosha behavioral traits

Ready to learn more about yourself through the lens of Ayurveda?

a blue mandala representing vata dosha with the words, 'Vata-the energy of movement' written underneath

Vata Body Type: Bone Structure

Vata is chaotic, with varying rates of metabolism, and it may lead to unequal growth spurts. Consequently, a Vata person may be excessively tall or short. Generally, Vatas tend to be shorter than average.

In terms of the somatotype theory, Vata-dominant people are generally ectomorphs.

Vata Body Type: Weight

An excess of Vata dosha can cause the body to become shriveled and dry.

People with Vata dosha are therefore usually thin.

Furthermore, Vata-dominant people normally have a delicate digestive fire and a low appetite. Due to this, they may not gain much weight from excessive eating.

Vata people, however, may develop compulsive eating disorders and be overweight due to their tendency toward anxiety

three women with vata body type posing for a photo

Vata Body Type: Face

Vatas usually have slender faces and prominent cheekbones. Often, their eyes are small and slanted. It is common for people with Vata dominance to have crooked or uneven noses.

Vata lips tend to be thin and pink. In conditions of excess Vata, they tend to be dry and blackish. A Vata person may also suffer from chapped lips, especially in cold weather.

The presence of very large ears is another sign of Vata dominance. A Vata-dominant individual’s sunken cheeks are also evidence of vâta’s drying effect.

The teeth of Vata people may be large with gaps between them. Their nails are also likely to be dry, brittle, rough, and short.

Vata Body Type: Skin

A prominent characteristic of Vata skin is its dryness. Dry skin tends to be rough. The Vata skin may therefore need intense moisturizing to maintain its health.

The skin of those with a dominant Vata is normally cold to touch, with sparse, thin body hair.

Vata individuals often have dark undereye circles and black lips.

Unless it is very hot, Vata people do not sweat much and have no foul odor in their sweat.

a woman moisturising her dry skin

Vata Body Type: Hair

As a result of excessive Vata dosha, the skin’s nutritional supply may be drier than usual. Because of this, the hair of a Vata person is usually dry. Having split ends, scalp infections, dandruff, and quick hair loss are all common Vata problems.

However, a Vata-dominant individual can maintain superb hair by using a head massage regularly and taking extra care.

Vata Body Type: Joints

In Ayurveda, joints are the special site of Vata dosha. A person with a Vata-dominant constitution has bony joints and a relatively thin layer of muscles.

Vata dominant people may experience cracking sounds in their knees in old age.

Vata Body Type: Digestion

In the human body, digestion is by far the most important function. This is where the body gets nutrition.

Vata-dominant pople have an especially delicate digestive system.

An intense Vata imbalance can put an end to this mild digestive fire completely. A Vata-dominant individual must be careful to maintain a healthy digestive system by strictly following a Vata balancing diet and lifestyle. 

Find out more here:

Natural dryness occurs in the alimentary canal when Vata dosha is dominant. Therefore, a Vata-dominant individual may experience a dry mouth because of a lack of saliva. A dry mouth also reduces taste sensations.

It is for this reason that a Vata-dominant person prefers warm, oily, and liquid foods. These properties soften food by balancing Vata dryness, improving taste buds, supporting salivary secretion, and promoting salivary secretion.

Large intestines, particularly the colon, are home to Vata dosha. The colon absorbs excess water and helps solidify the stool. A Vata excess in the large intestine, however, can cause constipation and dry, stiff feces due to its drying effect.

Therefore, drinking warm, moisturizing drinks is a great preventive measure for people with Vata.

a woman holding a cup of tea

Besides, Vata people may have erratic digestion. There are some days when their digestion is excellent and some days when they may have digestive issues of all sorts. A regular daily routine, however, can help in a big way to curb the random digestive capacities of Vata-dominant people.

Learn about the Ayurvedic daily routine here:

Vata Body Type: Respiration

The chest, which is where respiration takes place, is governed by the Kapha dosha. However, breathing is under the control of the Prana Vayu, a subtype of Vata.

Therefore, Vata individuals normally breathe freely due to their air dominance.

Some respiratory diseases are, however, associated with Vata dosha. A combination of excess Vata and Kapha may cause mucus to dry up, thicken, and become sticky. When dry, sticky mucus clings to the respiratory tract, it can cause breathing difficulties, asthma, coughing, and so on.

a man inhaling towards the sky in nature

Vata Body Type: Circulation

The Vata dosha is the force that keeps the heart pumping and the blood flowing. It is the Vata dosha that controls the expansion and constriction of blood vessels. Hence, Vata dosha directly affects circulation.

In Ayurvedic medicine, the Vata pulse is compared to the slithering movement of a snake.

However, the coolness of Vata may lead to constricted blood vessels. Thus, Vata skin has a cool sensation. The Vata skin can become bluish if it is suddenly exposed to extreme cold.

Massage is one of the best ways to stimulate Vata circulation on a regular basis. Stress-prone Vata minds can also benefit from the calming effects of a massage.

Learn more about Ayurvedic massage here:

Vata Body Type: Excretion

Excretion is driven by the metabolic force called apâna Vayu, a subtype of Vata dosha. The Vayu controls all excretory functions such as micturition, urination, et cetera.

However, a Vata-dominant person may experience random excretion. It is possible to have very good bowel movements some days while feeling constipated on others if you are a Vata-dominant person.

a man sitting on a toilet holding a toilet roll

Vata Body Type: Nervous System

In the body, Vata is responsible for all internal and external movement. The nervous system is therefore directly related to the Vata dosha.

In a Vata-dominant body, the nervous system tends to be hyperactive and unpredictable.

As a result, Vata people may have erratic attention spans and retention. It may be difficult for them to concentrate on one thing for a long time. They are however quick learners.

Furthermore, Vata dominance results in comparatively thinner protective sheaths around the nerves. Consequently, Vata-dominant people may experience nervous hyperactivity and enhanced pain perception.

Vata Behavioural traits

The prana Vayu, a special type of Vata subtype, is the driving force for all intellectual abilities like thinking, feeling, or decision-making. Therefore, Vata dosha has a strong impact on behavior. 

Because Vata is dominated by the element of air and space, a Vata-dominant individual is naturally creative and imaginative. They are natural artists with an impulsive and liberal attitude. Typically emotional, they prefer to work without planning.

It is common for Vata people to walk while thinking. Due to the element of air, it may be difficult for a Vata individual to sit still for prolonged periods.

Vata minds travel with the wind. As a result, Vata-dominant people often struggle with persistence and patience. Instead of finishing a task, they may switch from job to job.

Vata people can at times be extremely talkative, particularly when they are anxious!

Mood swings, anxiety, and overeating are possible issues for Vata people. Therefore, mindfulness and meditation can be excellent tools for calming an overly excited mind.

someone drawing a flower surrounded by colouring pencils

The memory of a Vata person

In general, Vata people have a good memory of recent events. However, their memories of the distant past tend to be hazy.

Vata people are also better visual learners.

The sleeping patterns of a Vata person

A Vata-dominant person’s sleep is usually light and filled with dreams. Ayurvedic texts state that Vata people usually dream of breezes, clouds, or anything relating to air or movement.

It is common for Vata people to sleep less and to suffer from insomnia. Thus, a gratitude prayer or meditation before bed can help Vata people to sleep better and control their anxiety.

Take Away

Being dry, cool, light, and random, the Vata dosha promotes similar metabolic patterns. Dryness is one of the most prominent characteristics of Vata dosha. Consequently, a Vata-dominant person may have dry skin, hair, and internal body parts.

The creative mind and the emotional heart of Vata complement each other. This makes Vata people liberal-thinking intellectuals. Nevertheless, they may suffer from overthinking and anxiety.

You might want to work on your creative skills and free imagination if you are a Vata type. Practice meditation and follow the dietary and lifestyle recommendations for the Vata body type. As a result, you will enjoy a healthy and fulfilling life and avoid all Vata-related problems.

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Dr. Kanika Verma is an Ayurveda physician from India, with 10 years of Ayurveda practice. She specializes in Ritucharya consultation (Ayurvedic Preventive seasonal therapy) and Satvavjay (Ayurvedic mental health management), with more than 10 years of experience.

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