What Is Agni Sara?

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Agni Sara – agni (fire) sara (essence, energy)

Agni Sara Definition

Agni sara involves controlled and repetitive contractions of the abdominal muscles to stimulate the inner fire or digestive energy (agni) in the lower belly.

In Hatha and Ashtanga yoga traditions, agni sara is commonly practiced to promote digestive health, improve core strength, and stimulate the manipura chakra, the energy center associated with personal power and transformation.

a swirling fire

Agni Sara Deep Dive

In order to understand agni sara, it is helpful to first comprehend the yogic and ayurvedic concept of agni.

Agni – The Inner And Outer Fire

Ancient texts in the yoga tradition, such as the Vedas, associate the concept of agni with the sacred fire, symbolizing the manifestation of the divine both externally and within us.

The inner fire of agni orchestrates a complex process of food digestion, starting from the moment food touches our tongue. This intricate transformation allows the extraction of nutrients while efficiently eliminating waste.

This same energy that governs our physical digestion also extends its influence to the non-physical level, helping us process and assimilate the experiences that shape our lives.

Balanced Agni – The Key to Vitality

In ayurveda, balanced agni is the foundation of overall health and well-being. When agni operates harmoniously, we experience vitality, mental clarity, and robust immunity.

Ayurvedic texts suggest that healthy digestion is closely linked to longevity, intelligence, confidence, courage, and even radiant skin. Conversely, imbalanced agni leads to digestive discomfort, bloating, and an array of other digestive issues.

Moreover, when agni is out of equilibrium, we may find ourselves stuck in life or pushing forward too hastily.

a woman practicing agni sara sitting cross legged

Agni Sara – A Practice To Nurturing The Digestive Flame

To support and balance agni, yoga and ayurveda promote the practice of agni sara or ‘essence of fire’. Agni sara is a potent yogic technique that involves rhythmic contractions of the abdominal muscles.

It not only ignites the inner fire (agni) but also addresses specific digestive imbalances. The practice involves exhaling fully and engaging the pelvic floor and abdomen while releasing the abdominal squeeze upon inhalation.

By adapting agni sara to the specific type of digestive imbalance, one can find balance and stability in the digestive process.

5 Benefits of Agni Sara

#1: Digestive Health

Practicing agni sara is believed to enhance digestion by massaging and toning the abdominal organs. It helps to activate the digestive fire, promoting efficient digestion and assimilation of nutrients.

#2: Core Strength

The repetitive contractions of the abdominal muscles in agni sara strengthen the core, including the rectus abdominis, transverse abdominis, and obliques.

#3: Stimulation of Manipura Chakra

Agni sara targets the manipura chakra, located in the solar plexus. By energizing this chakra, practitioners may experience increased self-confidence, willpower, and a sense of personal empowerment.

the manipura chakra symbol
Manipura Chakra Symbol

#4: Improved Breath Control

The practice of agni sara is often synchronized with breath control (pranayama), fostering greater awareness of the breath and improving respiratory function.

#5: Detoxification

The rhythmic movements involved in agni sara help to massage the internal organs, potentially aiding in detoxification and elimination of waste.


  • Agni Sara should be avoided if you are pregnant. It is also unsuitable for individuals with high blood pressure, hernias, or recent abdominal surgeries.
  • It is advisable to learn agni sara from a qualified and experienced yoga teacher to ensure proper alignment and technique.

Agni Sara In Your Life

Agni Sara involves rhythmic contractions of the abdominal muscles to activate one’s inner fire and support digestive health. Below you will find a step-by-step guide on how to perform agni sara:


  • Find a comfortable and quiet space to practice. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, and slightly bend your knees for stability.

Step 1 – Exhale Completely.

  • Take a deep breath in through your nose, filling your lungs completely.
  • Exhale fully and completely through your nose, emptying your lungs entirely. Push all the air out of your lungs with a gentle force.

Step 2 – Engage the Abdominal Muscles

  • Hold your breath gently in the exhaled position without straining or forcing. Keep your lungs empty but do not lock your breath.

Step 3Perform Abdominal Contractions

  • With your breath held out, draw your belly button towards your spine to engage your abdominal muscles.
  • Perform repeated and rhythmic contractions of your abdominal muscles by pulling the belly in and up.

Step 4Quick Inhale and Release

  • After a few contractions, quickly and lightly relax your abdominal muscles to allow a small inhalation through your nose.
  • Immediately exhale again, and continue the rhythmic contractions of your abdomen.
a woman practicing agni sara

Step 5Continue the Practice

  • Repeat the cycle of rhythmic contractions and quick inhalations as long as you feel comfortable holding your breath out.
  • You can perform several rounds, gradually increasing the number of repetitions with practice.

Step 6Complete the Practice

  • When you feel the need to inhale more fully, release the contractions and take a slow, deep breath in through your nose to fill your lungs.

Step 7 – Rest and Observe

  • Rest for a few moments with normal breathing and observe any sensations in your abdominal region and solar plexus.

Tips for Practicing Agni Sara

  • Start with a few rounds of agni sara and gradually increase the number of repetitions as you become more comfortable with the practice.
  • Focus on the rhythm of the contractions, ensuring they are rhythmic yet controlled, and synchronize the movements with your breath.
  • Avoid straining or forcing the breath or the contractions. The practice should be gentle and within your comfort level.
  • Engage your pelvic floor (root, or muladhara chakra) while performing the contractions to support stability and containment in the lower abdomen.
  • Always practice Agni Sara on an empty stomach, preferably in the morning or several hours after a meal.
  • If you are new to the practice, it is advisable to learn agni sara from an experienced yoga teacher to ensure correct technique and alignment.
a swirling fire love heart

Balancing Agni for Different Digestive Imbalances

For Fast and Sharp Digestion

To calm the fire down, focus on deep, smooth breathing, and emphasize the release over the engagement. Incorporate the sides of the abdomen, practice fewer repetitions, and create a feeling of containment at the pelvic floor.

For Slow and Dull Digestion

To stoke and build the fire, focus more on the engagement, work with stronger contractions of the abdomen, and practice more repetitions.

For Back and Forth Digestion

To balance and stabilize the fire, engage through the entire pelvis on the exhale and maintain equal emphasis on the release during the inhalation.

Practicing agni sara with mindfulness to your unique digestive state provides valuable insights into your relationship with this vital energy. It may be beneficial to work with an ayurvedic practitioner to assess your digestive health.

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To go deep and expand your yogic knowledge, access our free Yoga Terms Encyclopedia, where we host a profound wealth of ancient and timeless yogic wisdom in an accessible modern format.

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Amy is a yoga teacher and practitioner based in Brighton.

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